The Battle of Kulikovo (September 8, 1380) was fought between the armies of the Golden Horde under the command of Mamai, and various Russian principalities under the united command of Prince Dmitri of Moscow.
Vasily I Dmitriyevich was the Grand Prince of Moscow, heir of Dmitry Donskoy. He ruled as a Great Horde vassal between 1389-1395, and again in 1412-1425. Mongol emir Timur's raid on the Volgan regions in 1395 resulted in the Golden Horde's state of anarchy for the next years and the independence of Moscow. In 1412, Vasily reinstated himself as the Horde's vassal.
This glass hairpin, imported from China, was found in the Christian quarter of Ukek. The head of the pin is carved in the shape of a split pomegranate. It is remarkably well preserved despite the passage of about 700 years of time.
Pysanky Festival Historical Ukrainian Clothing - The costumes from left to right are: 1) 3-6th century AD (The Slavs); 2) 6th century AD (Byzantine Influenced Slavic); 3) 10th century AD (Kyivan Rus); 4) 12-13th century AD (Later Kyivan Rus); 5) 13-14th century AD (Halych-Volyn Kingdom); 6) 14th-15th century AD (Time of the Golden Horde); 7) 15th century (Lithuanian-Polish period) gentry; 15-16th century (Lithuanian-Polish period) nobility; 9) 16th-17th century (Lithuanian-Polish period)
Ivan II Ivanovich the Fair - Upon succeeding his brother and because of increased civil strife among the Golden Horde, Ivan briefly toyed with the idea of abandoning traditional Moscow allegiance to the Mongols and allying himself with Lithuania, a growing power in the west. This policy was quickly abandoned and Ivan asserted his allegiance to the Golden Horde