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Some U.S. government agencies are using IT systems running Windows 3.1, the decades-old COBOL and Fortran programming languages, or computers from the 1970s.

July 23, 1930 Daniel McCracken, who wrote the first textbook on FORTRAN, was born. A student of mathematics and chemistry, McCracken started working in computers at General Electric in 1951, training workers in using the new technology. Based on this teaching experience, McCracken wrote several important computer programming textbooks, most notably A Guide to FORTRAN Programming in 1961.

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Efficient FORTRAN Programming (Wiley Professional Computing) by Anton Kruger. This book shows how to program for efficiency and explains that even simple alterations to existing programs can lead to dramatic reductions in execution time. http://search.lib.uiowa.edu/01IOWA:default_scope:01IOWA_ALMA21300559710002771

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from Barnes & Noble

Classical Fortran: Programming for Engineering and Scientific Applications, Second Edition / Edition 2

Classical Fortran: Programming for Engineering and Scientific Applications

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IBM 1130 at Argonne National Laboratory Physicists at Argonne National Labs used the 1130 to solve equations for their experiments. Programs were mostly written in the FORTRAN programming language.

FORTRAN (Formula Translation) is a general-purpose, imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing.

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