Pierre Jacques Étienne Viscount Cambronne, General of the First French Empire, seriously wounded at Waterloo. When the English called on him to surrender, Cambronne reportedly replied: "La garde meurt et ne se rend pas !" ("The Guard dies and does not surrender!"). However, some reported that he preceded it with: "Merde!" ("Shit"), figuratively, "Go fuck yourself!", a retort that became famous as "the word of Cambronne".