Langston Hughes (1902-1967) - James Mercer Langston Hughes is the most famous black poet of all-time. He’s essentially the go-to component of any literary prose expert when describing African-American poetry. He was a remarkable influence on the beat poets in the 1950s and 1960s, and he challenged everything from segregation, class conflict to the promise of Communism.
1858 – She refused to give up her seat or ride in the “colored” section of a segregated trolley car in Philadelphia (100 years before Rosa Parks) and wrote one her most famous poems, “Bury Me In A Free Land,” when she got very sick while on a lecturing tour. Her short story “The Two Offers” became the first short story to be published by an African American.