Shirley Chisholm 1969 of New York, becomes the first Black woman in Congress. Her motto is, "Unbought and unbossed." She served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 14 years. Shirley Chisholm (D-NY) becomes the first black woman U.S. Representative. Read more: Famous Firsts by American Women, 1901–Present | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/womensfirsts2.html#ixzz2XSMje5Ep
Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American woman to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,
A portrait of Jarena Lee, the first African American woman to publish an autobiography. Read more on the GenealogyBank blog: “10 Famous African Americans in 17th & 18th Century History.” http://blog.genealogybank.com/10-notable-african-americans-in-17th-18th-century-history.html
Dr. Georgia Rooks Dwelle: In 1900, she became the first Spelman College alumna to attend medical school. Dr. Dwelle established the Dwelle Infirmary (1920) in Atlanta. It was Georgia's first general hospital for African Americans, and its first obstetrical hospital for African American women. The infirmary, which also featured a pediatric clinic, was Georgia's first venereal disease clinic for African Americans, and offered Atlanta's first "Mother's Club" for African American women.