Velcro was invented by Swiss engineer George de Mestral in 1941 after he removed burrs from his dog and decided to take a closer look at how they worked. The small hooks found at the end of the burr needles inspired him to create the now ubiquitous Velcro.
Pax Technologies took the calla lily's shape as inspiration for a water mixer. The flower's centripetal spirals assist with the ideal flow of liquid, which allows their design to mix more liquid with a fraction of the horse power usually required. Using nature's perfected designs helps minimize energy requirements
Did you know that sharks inspired NASA boats and that butterflies inspired e-readers? If the answer is no, then check out this well-informed and educational infographic that can tell you everything you need to know, created by European Springs & Pressings LTD. The infographic that looks at some of the best examples of nature inspired biomimicry and provides lots of fun facts, such as how Velcro was designed after dogs fur and spy planes were modeled after bat wings.
So many many man-made creations have been inspired by nature, animal physiology in particular. But fashion... Biomimicry even goes beyond the fashionable animal prints we find printed on so many fabrics these days. Here, for example, is a Bird Skull
The self-cleaning natural characteristic of the lotus leaf has been mimicked by Sto AG in its painting systems and decorative plasters. StoLotusan contains perfected water-repellent binding agents and fine pigment particles. When a surface is coated with StoLotusan, raindrops automatically bead up and roll off so that the surface, and thus the entire building, stays drier
Mercedes-Benz looked towards the boxfish for their bionic car concept. Noting the aerodynamics and efficiency of the boxfish's shape, the engineers decided to apply the characteristics of the fish to a car. The result is a very streamlined vehicle with a 65% lower drag coefficient than other compact cars out at the time (2005).