Enrico Fermi ; 29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian American physicist particularly known for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics. He was awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity. Fermi is widely regarded as one of the leading scientists of the 20th century.
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J. Robert Oppenheimer, born on April 22, 1904, was the scientific director of the Manhattan Project, the World War II project that developed the first nuclear weapons. He strongly opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb, however, and in 1953 was suspended from secret nuclear research as an alleged communist sympathizer, a case backed by Edward Teller. In 1963 he was reinstated and awarded the Enrico Fermi Award.
Nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi won the 1938 Nobel Prize for a technique he developed to probe the atomic nucleus. He led the team that developed the world's first nuclear reactor, and played a central role in the Manhattan Project that developed the atomic bomb during World War II. In the debate over extraterrestrial intelligence, he is best known for posing the question 'Where is everybody?' during a lunchtime discussion at Los Alamos National Laboratory. His question was seen as the…
Enrico Fermi 1938 Born: 29 September 1901, Rome, Italy Died: 28 November 1954, Chicago, IL, USA Affiliation at the time of the award: Rome University, Rome, Italy Prize motivation: "for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons" Field: Nuclear physics
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