Jimmy Carter - 39th US President from January 20, 1977 to January 20, 1981, Democrat. Carter was the only president to receive a Nobel Peace Prize (2002) after leaving office. As president, he created two new cabinet departments: the Dept. of Education and the Dept. of Energy. The end of his term saw the Iran hostage crisis, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviets, the 1979 energy crisis, and the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens.