Elizabeth Jennings Graham was a black woman who lived in New York City. In 1854 she was told to get off a streetcar and then forcibly removed by the crew and a police officer. Jennings filed a lawsuit against the driver, the conductor, and the Third Avenue Railroad Company in Brooklyn. In 1855, she received a verdict in her favor and was awarded damages of two hundred and twenty five dollars plus costs. The next day, the Third Avenue Railroad Company ordered its cars desegregated.