The proclamation of Irish Independence by Irish Republicans during the Easter Rising of 1916. The uprising was brutally crushed and several leaders were executed by British forces; however, the defeat served as a rallying cry for Irish independence, resulting in a protracted insurgency and eventual Irish independence in 1922.
Countess Markievicz played an active part in the Easter Rising of 1916 and in post-1916 Irish history. Born in 1868 as Constance Gore-Booth, Countess Markievicz was sentenced to death for her part in the Easter Uprising but had the sentence commuted to life imprisonment on account of her gender. She died in 1927. It is estimated that over 250,000 people lined the streets for her funeral.
The leaders of the rebellion that were executed. Pictured are (from left to right): P.H Pearse, Thomas Clarke, Thomas MacDonagh, Joseph Plunkett, Edward Daly, William Pearse, Michael O' Hanrahan, John MacBride, Eamonnn Kent, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert, Sean Heuston, Sean MacDermott, James Connolly, Thomas Kent and Roger Casement. Source: Tim Pat Coogan, 1916: The Easter Rising (London, 2001), p. 72.
The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. The British capture of a shipment of German arms on 21st April 1916 greatly reduced its scale outside the capital. Moreover, confusion was caused by a rash of conflicting orders sent out to the Irish Volunteers – the main strike force - from their headquarters and the decision taken by the rebel leaders to postpone their action arranged for Easter Sunday 23rd April, until the next day....