1863: NYC erupted in riots from 13 - 16 Jul 1863 as working classes expressed their resentment that wealthier men could buy their way out of the new draft law for $300. The protest turned into a race riot. Public buildings, abolitionist homes, black homes and the Colored Orphan Asylum were ransacked or destroyed. Exact death tolls are unknown, but at least 120 civilians were killed.
19th Century People and Events That Made New York America's Great City
Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 9 pages. Students are invited to solve a mystery, using historical clues, about the real story of the Draft Riots. Just one of many sources and activities on this site.
A City Severed: How the Draft Riots Tore NYC Apart, A Recreation in Handcrafted Miniatures
After the riots, when the Colored Orphan Asylum attempted to rebuild...neighboring property owners asked them to leave. The orphanage relocated to 51st Street for four years before moving into a new residence at 143rd Street between Amsterdam and Broadway...in what would be...Harlem.
10 Worst Race Riots in American History - The New York City Draft Riots (1863): This riot was undertaken almost entirely by the Irish immigrant population in retaliation for the Union’s institution of the draft following Gettysburg.