1863: NYC erupted in riots from 13 - 16 Jul 1863 as working classes expressed their resentment that wealthier men could buy their way out of the new draft law for $300. The protest turned into a race riot. Public buildings, abolitionist homes, black homes and the Colored Orphan Asylum were ransacked or destroyed. Exact death tolls are unknown, but at least 120 civilians were killed.

1863: NYC erupted in riots from 13 - 16 Jul 1863 as working classes expressed their resentment that wealthier men could buy their way out of the new draft law for $300. The protest turned into a race riot. Public buildings, abolitionist homes, black homes and the Colored Orphan Asylum were ransacked or destroyed. Exact death tolls are unknown, but at least 120 civilians were killed.

US Slave: Testimony from Victims of New York’s Draft Riots, July, 1863

US Slave: Testimony from Victims of New York’s Draft Riots, July, 1863

John Alexander Kennedy, NYC police superintendent (1803–1873).  He served during the 1863 Draft riots.

John Alexander Kennedy, NYC police superintendent (1803–1873). He served during the 1863 Draft riots.

Four Days of Fire: The New York City Draft Riots - History in the Headlines -- Whites don't riot, loot, burn, and murder?

Four Days of Fire: The New York City Draft Riots - History in the Headlines -- Whites don't riot, loot, burn, and murder?

Jul. 13, 1863 Draft Riots: “When recruiting for the army began in July 1863, a mob in New York wrecked the main recruiting station. Then, for 3 days, crowds of white workers marched through the city, destroying buildings, factories, streetcar lines, homes. The draft riots were complex—anti-black, anti-rich, anti-Republican. They set the city’s colored orphan asylum on fire. They shot, burned, and hanged blacks. Union troops returning from the Battle of Gettysburg stopped the rioting on day…

Jul. 13, 1863 Draft Riots: “When recruiting for the army began in July 1863, a mob in New York wrecked the main recruiting station. Then, for 3 days, crowds of white workers marched through the city, destroying buildings, factories, streetcar lines, homes. The draft riots were complex—anti-black, anti-rich, anti-Republican. They set the city’s colored orphan asylum on fire. They shot, burned, and hanged blacks. Union troops returning from the Battle of Gettysburg stopped the rioting on day…

New York Tribune, July 14, 1863. The Draft Riots had started.

19th Century People and Events That Made New York America's Great City

New York Tribune, July 14, 1863. The Draft Riots had started.

A City Severed: How the Draft Riots Tore NYC Apart, A Recreation in Handcrafted Miniatures

A City Severed: How the Draft Riots Tore NYC Apart, A Recreation in Handcrafted Miniatures

“There are better places, and better times, than New York City in July, A City Severed: How the Draft Riots Tore NYC Apart is a short that recreates the New York City draft riots…

The Boston Draft Riot of 1863 - http://www.newenglandhistoricalsociety.com/boston-draft-riot-1863/

The Boston Draft Riot of 1863 - http://www.newenglandhistoricalsociety.com/boston-draft-riot-1863/

Cowan’s Spring American History Live Salesroom Auction will feature items from the grand panoply of American history, including folk art carved pipes

After the riots, when the Colored Orphan Asylum attempted to rebuild...neighboring property owners asked them to leave. The orphanage relocated to 51st Street for four years before moving into a new residence at 143rd Street between Amsterdam and Broadway...in what would be...Harlem.

After the riots, when the Colored Orphan Asylum attempted to rebuild...neighboring property owners asked them to leave. The orphanage relocated to 51st Street for four years before moving into a new residence at 143rd Street between Amsterdam and Broadway...in what would be...Harlem.

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