1863: NYC erupted in riots from 13 - 16 Jul 1863 as working classes expressed their resentment that wealthier men could buy their way out of the new draft law for $300. The protest turned into a race riot. Public buildings, abolitionist homes, black homes and the Colored Orphan Asylum were ransacked or destroyed. Exact death tolls are unknown, but at least 120 civilians were killed.
Jul. 13, 1863 Draft Riots: “When recruiting for the army began in July 1863, a mob in New York wrecked the main recruiting station. Then, for 3 days, crowds of white workers marched through the city, destroying buildings, factories, streetcar lines, homes. The draft riots were complex—anti-black, anti-rich, anti-Republican. They set the city’s colored orphan asylum on fire. They shot, burned, and hanged blacks. Union troops returning from the Battle of Gettysburg stopped the rioting on day…
19th Century People and Events That Made New York America's Great City
After the riots, when the Colored Orphan Asylum attempted to rebuild...neighboring property owners asked them to leave. The orphanage relocated to 51st Street for four years before moving into a new residence at 143rd Street between Amsterdam and Broadway...in what would be...Harlem.