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diffusion spectrum MRI (DSI) images of fiber pathways in the brain of cats at age 10 days (top) and three months

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from Slate Magazine

Neuroscientists Are Really Upset About Major Neuroscience Projects

University of California, Berkeley, researchers have shown that chronic stress generates long-term changes in the brain that may explain why people suffering chronic stress are prone to mental problems such as anxiety and mood disorders later in life. ...

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This beautiful picture is a special DTI( Diffusion MRI) imaging technique that focuses on the axons of neurons in the brain, allowing to test neuronal circuits. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diffusion_tensor_imaging#Diffusion_tensor_imaging

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Plush toy, or Science? White matter connections in the human brain are imaged using diffusion MRI. This “connectome” is output from a 2008 study by Gigandet et al attempting to determine statistical confidence in mapping neural connectivity.

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from the Guardian

Portraits of the Mind

A diffusion MRI image of a patient who has suffered a stroke in the thalamus. This has resulted in major disruptions to certain axon tracts, some of which are visible at the bottom of the figure

from Live Science

Inside the Brain: A Photo Journey Through Time

View of a Stroke, using diffusion MRI. You can see the damaged axons at the bottom of the image. Credit: Henning U. Voss and Nicholas D. Schiff, 2008.

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Scientists Fingerprint the Brain The brains structural connections are unique to an individual a new imaging technique reveals. Every brain is unique and scientists now have the means to pin down precisely how unique. Disease environment and genetic factors all influence the pattern of connections between neurons called the local connectome. A new imaging technique quantifies differences between the local connectomes of individual brains allowing researchers to identify a brain by its…