1343: the southern kingdom builds its capital at Vijayanagar (Hampi) 1345: Nobles revolt against Muhammad ibn Tughluq, declare their independence from the Delhi sultanate, and found the Bahmani dynasty in the Deccan 1346: the Vijayanagar kingdom conquers the Hoysalas 1346: the Hoysala dynasty disintegrates 1347: Turkish governor Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah rebels against the Sultan of Delhi and founds the Bahmani Sultanate in Bijapur
India History - The Delhi Sultanate is a term used to cover five short-lived dynasties, Delhi based kingdoms or sultanates, mostly of Turkic and Pashtun (Afghan) origin in medieval India. The sultanates ruled from Delhi between 1206 and 1526, when the last was replaced by the Mughal dynasty. The five dynasties were the Mamluk dynasty (1206–90); the Khilji dynasty (1290–1320); the Tughlaq dynasty (1320–1414); the Sayyid dynasty (1414–51); and the Afghan Lodi dynasty (1451–1526).
India History -The Mongol Empire launched several invasions into the Indian subcontinent from 1221 to 1327. Some of those later raids were made by the unruly Qaraunas of Mongol origin. The Mongols made Kashmir their vassal state. The Mongol Empire also occupied most of modern Pakistan and Punjab for decades. However, the campaigns against the Delhi Sultanate proved unsuccessful, in spite of constant Mongol incursions.
Shams-ud-din Iltutmish (Hindi: अलतामश/AlTaMash/Iltutmish)(Persian شمس الدین التتمش) (r. 1211–1236) was the third ruler of the Mamluk dynasty of Delhi of Turkic origin. He was a slave of Qutb-ud-din Aibak and later became his son-in-law and close lieutenant. He was the Governor of Badaun when he deposed Qutub-ud-din's successor Aram Shah and acceeded to the throne of the Delhi Sultanate in 1211. He shifted Capital from Lahore to Delhi, remained the ruler until his death on May 1, 1236. I