What is Dementia? Dementia is an umbrella term describing a serious deterioration in mental functions, such as memory, language, orientation and judgment. There are many types, but Alzheimer’s disease, which accounts for two-thirds of cases, is the most well-known. There is no cure for any type of dementia – drugs can ease some of the symptoms, but do not tackle the underlying diseases. Patients may have had a decade of brain cells being destroyed before any symptoms appear.
Dementia is a serious loss of global cognitive ability in a previously unimpaired person, beyond what might be expected from normal aging. It may be static, the result of a unique global brain injury, or progressive, resulting in long-term decline due to damage or disease in the body. Dementia is not a single disease, but a non-specific syndrome (i.e., set of signs and symptoms). Affected cognitive areas can be memory, attention, language, and problem solving.
New Epilepsy Definition Adopted. The International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) has expanded the definition of epilepsy to incorporate a single unprovoked seizure with a probability of future seizures. The new definition also stipulates that epilepsy can be considered "resolved" if a patient has been seizure-free for 10 years, with no seizure medicines for the last 5 years.