Dead Sea Scrolls - The Scrolls date from around 250 B.C. to 68 A.D. and were written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek; they contain Biblical and apocryphal works, prayers and legal texts and sectarian documents. This priceless collection of ancient manuscripts is invaluable to our understanding of the history of Judaism, the development of the Hebrew Bible, and the beginnings of Christianity.
Some of the Dead Sea Scrolls were hidden in jars which were later found in the excavation of Qumran. This type of pottery is unknown elsewhere: since it was found in the caves where the scrolls were hidden, and in the Qumran ruins, many believe it is conclusive proof that the scrolls were written in Qumran.
Cave 4 This most famous of the Dead Sea Scroll caves is also the most significant in terms of finds. More than 15,000 fragments from over 200 books were found in this cave, nearly all by Bedouin thieves. 122 biblical scrolls (or fragments) were found in this cave. From all 11 Qumran caves, every Old Testament book is represented except Esther.