Dada or Dadaism was an art movement which began in Zurich, Switzerland in 1916, spreading to Berlin shortly thereafter. It was born out of negative reaction to the horrors of World War I. Dada rejected reason and logic, prizing nonsense, irrationality and intuition. Dada activities included public gatherings, demonstrations, and publication of art/literary journals; passionate coverage of art, politics, and culture were topics often discussed in a variety of media.
Tristan Tzara was primarily the founder of Dadaism. A poet, this Romanian born French artist wrote the first Dada texts including Vingt-cinq poémes (1918; “Twenty-Five Poems”) – and the movement’s manifestos, Sept manifestes Dada (1924; “Seven Dada Manifestos”) He was a regular performer at ‘Cabaret Voltaire’ in Zurich.