As the Cyrus Cylinder begins its US tour, BBC Persian's Khashayar Joneidi explores how the reputedly liberal monarch who gave his name to the ancient Persian artefact inspired US founding father Thomas Jefferson.

Cyrus Cylinder: How a Persian monarch inspired Jefferson

As the Cyrus Cylinder begins its US tour, BBC Persian's Khashayar Joneidi explores how the reputedly liberal monarch who gave his name to the ancient Persian artefact inspired US founding father Thomas Jefferson.

The Cyrus Cylinder.  Front view of a barrel-shaped clay cylinder resting on a stand. The cylinder is covered with lines of cuneiform text.  This documents the decision by Cyrus in 539 B.C. (or B.C.E. if you prefer) to allow a high degree of tolerance to different religions within the Persian Empire.

The Cyrus Cylinder. Front view of a barrel-shaped clay cylinder resting on a stand. The cylinder is covered with lines of cuneiform text. This documents the decision by Cyrus in 539 B.C. (or B.C.E. if you prefer) to allow a high degree of tolerance to different religions within the Persian Empire.

Cyrus Cylinder. "...I am Cyrus. King of the world. When I entered Babylon...I did not allow anyone to terrorize the land...I kept in view the needs of the people and all its sanctuaries to promote their well-being...I put an end to their misfortune. The Great God has delivered all the lands into my hand; the lands that I have made to dwell in a peaceful habitation..." Site of Babylon, archaeologists discover a clay cylinder, inscribed record of capture of Babylon by the Persian king Cyrus…

Cyrus Cylinder. "...I am Cyrus. King of the world. When I entered Babylon...I did not allow anyone to terrorize the land...I kept in view the needs of the people and all its sanctuaries to promote their well-being...I put an end to their misfortune. The Great God has delivered all the lands into my hand; the lands that I have made to dwell in a peaceful habitation..." Site of Babylon, archaeologists discover a clay cylinder, inscribed record of capture of Babylon by the Persian king Cyrus…

22. Cyrus Cylinder - The Cyrus Cylinder can be seen on display at the British Museum in London.

22. Cyrus Cylinder - The Cyrus Cylinder can be seen on display at the British Museum in London.

The Cyrus Cylinder, Achaemenid, after 539 B.C. Terracotta, 22.9 x 10 cm. Image courtesy of and © The Trustees of the British Museum (2013). All rights reserved

The Cyrus Cylinder, Achaemenid, after 539 B.C. Terracotta, 22.9 x 10 cm. Image courtesy of and © The Trustees of the British Museum (2013). All rights reserved

The Cyrus Cylinder, considered to be the first example of human rights law, written in cuneiform in Persia in 539 B.C. under the rule of King Cyrus of Babylon. This code promoted the free practice of religion & the release of prisoner's of war.

Cyrus Cylinder: How a Persian monarch inspired Jefferson

The Cyrus Cylinder, considered to be the first example of human rights law, written in cuneiform in Persia in 539 B.C. under the rule of King Cyrus of Babylon. This code promoted the free practice of religion & the release of prisoner's of war.

The Cyrus Cylinder and Ancient Persia: a new beginning for the Middle East - The Cyrus Cylinder is one of the most famous objects to have survived from the ancient world. It was inscribed in Babylonian cuneiform on the orders of Persian King Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC) after he captured Babylon in 539 BC. Subject: History. Length: 15:37

The Cyrus Cylinder and Ancient Persia: a new beginning for the Middle East - The Cyrus Cylinder is one of the most famous objects to have survived from the ancient world. It was inscribed in Babylonian cuneiform on the orders of Persian King Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC) after he captured Babylon in 539 BC. Subject: History. Length: 15:37

Cyrus the Great Bracelet

Cyrus the Great Bracelet

The Cyrus cylinder, regarding King Cyrus's treatment of religion, which is significant to the books of Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah.

The Cyrus cylinder, regarding King Cyrus's treatment of religion, which is significant to the books of Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah.

7. Cyrus Cylinder - The cylinder in part contains "an introduction reviling Nabonidus," the previous king of Babylon; and associating Cyrus with the god Marduk; It details Cyrus's royal titles and genealogy, and his peaceful entry into Babylon; a commendation of Cyrus's policy of restoring Babylon; a declaration that Cyrus has allowed people to live in peace...and detail of the building activities ordered by Cyrus in Babylon: it also mentions his son Cambyses;

7. Cyrus Cylinder - The cylinder in part contains "an introduction reviling Nabonidus," the previous king of Babylon; and associating Cyrus with the god Marduk; It details Cyrus's royal titles and genealogy, and his peaceful entry into Babylon; a commendation of Cyrus's policy of restoring Babylon; a declaration that Cyrus has allowed people to live in peace...and detail of the building activities ordered by Cyrus in Babylon: it also mentions his son Cambyses;

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