Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 1738 – October 1805), styled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and known as The Earl Cornwallis between 1762 and 1792, was a British Army officer and colonial administrator. In the United States and the United Kingdom he is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the Siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in
Lord General Charles Cornwallis by Thomas Gainsborough (revolutionary-war.net) Lord General Charles Cornwallis was blamed by General Henry Clinton for the loss of the colonies, but he proved to be a capable general and politician in Ireland and India after the Revolutionary War.
Nathanael Greene,Revolutionary War American Major General, was born August 7, 1742. He is remembered for his successful military command in the Southern Campaign of the Revolutionary War that forced British General Charles Cornwallis to abandon the Carolinas and relocate to Virginia.
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738-1805) Charles Cornwallis was sympathetic to American views during pre-war political disputes in Parliament but became one of the most prominent British generals during the War for Independence. He is known for his surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in October 1781 after allowing his army to become trapped there. His surrender was catastrophic for British hopes to retain the colonies and brought down the ministry of Lord North.
Soon after the Battle of Cowpens, General Charles Cornwallis and the British retreated northward into North Carolina to fight and wait for supplies. They eventually moved on toward Virginia while leaving the remainder of their forces posted in the backcountry of South Carolina to be evacuated or systematically reclaimed by partisan troops and/or Greene’s Continental forces.
Canon at Yorktown Battlefield. In 1781, French troops joined American forces at Yorktown, VA and attacked British fortifications by land and sea. The campaign was successful and British General Charles Cornwallis surrendered (Photo: Richard T. Nowitz/Corbis)
Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis KG (31.12.1738|18.104.22.1685) Educated Eton & Cambridge. Visc. Brome 1753/1762; The Earl Cornwallis 1762/1792. British Army officer +colonial administrator. In the U.S. + UK, remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American +French force at the Siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America. Appointed Gov-Gen. + Commander-in-Chief in India, 1876.