This infographic discusses each of the following structures of the brain and their functions: Frontal Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Occipital Lobe, Cerebellum and Temporal Lobe. It also discusses the right and left hemispheres of the brain and what they are responsible for controlling.
I would've done so much better in my anatomy & physiology class had I seen this flow chart! The divisions of the nervous system; divided into the PNS (afferent/efferent; autonomic/somatic-sympathetic/parasympathetic) and CNS (brain and spinal cord: cerebrum; cerebellum; brainstem-medulla, pons, midbrain; diencephalon-thalamus and hypothalamus).
Comparative brain anatomy. Notice how our brains are much bigger than other animals', but have the same basic parts & layout. Mammal brains do vary a lot by species, though, so I'm curious what animal they used for their "typical" mammal brain.