Cave Bear Fang Fossil from the Pleistocene age found in Romania. The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) became extinct at the beginning of the Last Glacial age about 27,500 years ago. Both the name Cave Bear and the scientific name spelaeus derive from the fact that fossils of this species were mostly found in caves, indicating that this species spent more time in caves than the Brown Bear, which only uses caves for hibernation.
6W. Panthera (Leo) spelaea, the cave lion, is the one in the middle; males did not have manes. (If you want to make your head hurt, dive into the discussion boards about relative sizes of various felines, past and present.) -- In "Clan...." we meet the cave lion early on and his presence is felt throughout, as he comes to symbolize Ayla in the way the cave bear does for the clan.
" 'Spirit of Cave Lion, the girl, Ayla, is delivered into your protection.' The formalized movement removed the last shred of doubt. As Mog-ur put the amulet around her neck, hands flew in shocked surprise. Could it really be true? Could a girl's totem be one of the strongest of male totems? The Cave Lion?" --Jean M. Auel, The Clan of the Cave Bear.