Ball valves are widely used for controlling the flow of fluids in industrial and commercial piping systems. The tight shut-off feature of these valves makes them particularly suited for flow control applications in high pressure and high temperature conditions. They are commonly used in catalytic reforming, refining, power, marine, petrochemical, and process industries. for more details: http://www.kavaatavalves.com
Naphtha is used by petrochemical companies for making olefins in steam crackers and as a solvent in chemical industries. Another use is producing high octane gasoline through the catalytic reforming method where it is basically used as feedstock.Naphtha is used for making high octane gas components. It is used for blending into gasoline. It's also widely used as a diluent.Geographically the Middle East is by far the biggest source.
Heterogeneous catalysis: cracking and reforming in petroleum refining (refining crude via fractional distillation - separating hydocarbon molecules under pressure and precise temperature for liquefaction (after refining/purifying) and rearranged to form gasoline via "cracking" catalysts. At 260 diesel condenses out; 180 kerosene, 110, petrol, and petroleum at the top. Alkanes, alkynes and hydrocarbons are then refined further.
Jeb Bush flubs his speech badly - Excerpts: "A top priority is reforming a broken immigration system and turning it into an economic — a catalytic converter for sustained economic growth.” What? “As we grow our presence by growing our ability to produce oil and gas, we also make it possible to lessen the dependency that Russia now has on top of Europe.” What?