By 1025, the Byzantine Empire stretched across modern-day Turkey, Greece and the Balkans.<br />

History of the Byzantine Empire (Byzantium)

By the Byzantine Empire stretched across modern-day Turkey, Greece and the Balkans.

The Byzantine empire, with territory with the Middle East, and the eastern Meditteranean, maintained very high levels of politicos, cultural, and economic life between 500 and 1450 C.E.

During the postclassical period, two major civilizations formed in Europe.

This is a map of the Byzantine Empire in the 6th century. Modern day countries that are part in that area: Greece, Turkey, Egypt, and Italy

Catholicism spread west - Orthodox Christian spread east - Latin was the court language - Greek was the official language - Civilian bureaucracy

8. They then arrived "at the court of Eleanor's uncle, Raymond of Antioch" (6). Only 8 years older than Eleanor, Raymond and Eleanor had grown up together in Aquitaine, and Eleanor “had more in common with Raymond than she did with Louis." The two spent so much time together, rumors of an affair began to spread, and Louis whisked his wife away back to their land in Europe (4).

What are The Crusades of the Middle Ages

The Crusades: 1096 to Many Muslims considered it a vicious invasion by the Europeans onto their lands. The Christians treated the Muslims and the Jews much harshly during the Crusades than the Muslims ever did to the Christians.

Five Great Islamic Empires

In the Ottomans captured Constantinople and ended the Byzantine Empire. During the next two centuries, they brought their rule to much of the Middle East, North Africa, and southeastern Europe. Their navy dominated the eastern Mediterranean.

Interesting graphic, but far from complete. Here are a few that were overlooked: Nazi Germany, French Empire of Napoleon I, Carolingian Empire of Charlemagne, Byzantine Empire, Mughal Empire, Mayan Empire, Macedonian Empire of Alexander the Great, Inca Empire, Assyrian Empire. Babylonian Empire. Give me time, I'll think of some more...

This graphic shows how history's mightiest empires compared - Business Insider

Constantinople was the capitol city of the Byzantine Empire. It was founded at AD 330.

History map of the Ottoman Empire, Constantinople. Illustrating Wall of old (Greek/Byzantium), Wall of Constantine Double Wall of Theodosius II Wall of Heraclius Wall of mediaeval Galata, Wall of the New Seraglio, Byzantine names.

Constantinople- the capital the eastern Roman Empire and of the Byzantine and Ottoman empires.

Constantinople- the capital the eastern Roman Empire and of the Byzantine and Ottoman empires.

1453.  Fall of Constantinople (Wikipedia article).  Ottoman Empire puts a final end to the Byzantine Empire.  Intellectuals fleeing Constantinople migrate to Italy, helping to fuel the Renaissance.  The Ottoman Emire was a Sunni Islamic state founded by Oghuz Turks in 1299 and lasted until the aftermath of WWI.

Eastern Mediterranean 1450 - Byzantine Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Historians generally refer to the Eastern Roman Empire after 476 as the Byzantine Empire. But this is an arbitrary distinction invented for the convenience of historians. People in the Byzantine Empire continued to think of themselves as Romans, and their empire as the Roman Empire, for centuries after 476. The Byzantine Empire would endure as a Christian empire for another 1000 years until it was finally overrun by the Ottomans in 1453.

40 maps that explain the Roman Empire