Clonycavan bog man. Recovered from a bog in Co. Meath, he had been disembowelled and struck three times across the head with axe and once across the body. The remains were radiocarbon dated to between 392 BC and 201 BC and, unusually, his hair was spiked with pine resin (a very early form of hair gel). Furthermore, the trees from which the resin was sourced only grow in Spain and south-west France, indicating the presence of long distance trade routes.
Bog Bodies of the Iron Age- More than a thousand preserved bodies and skeletons have emerged from the peat bogs of Northwest Europe, and scientists now have the tools to study the remains in such detail that they can, in a sense, resurrect ancient people.
Clonycavan Man (around 392 BC) is a well-preserved Iron Age bog body found in Clonycavan, County Meath, Ireland in 2003. Only his torso and upper abdomen are preserved. He was found in a peat harvesting machine, which was possibly responsable for the severing of his lower body. The most distinguishing feature of the man was his hair, which was in a standing Mohawk hairstyle raised with the help of hair gel (made of plant oil and pine resin). His skull was split open with most likely an axe.
This is what’s left of a man in his early twenties who lived in Ireland sometime between 362 and 175 B.C. He’s just a partial torso and arms, and from the span of the arms they know that he stood about 6 feet 6 inches. He is known as Old Croghan Man.
A limited number of bogs have the correct conditions for preservation of mammalian tissue. Most of these are located in the colder climes of northern Europe near bodies of salt water. For example, in the area of Denmark where the Haraldsar Woman was recovered, salt air from the North Sea blows across the Jutland wetlands and provides an ideal environment for the growth of peat.