Clonycavan bog man. Recovered from a bog in Co. Meath, he had been disembowelled and struck three times across the head with axe and once across the body. The remains were radiocarbon dated to between 392 BC and 201 BC and, unusually, his hair was spiked with pine resin (a very early form of hair gel). Furthermore, the trees from which the resin was sourced only grow in Spain and south-west France, indicating the presence of long distance trade routes.
The Haraldskær Woman is a bog body found naturally preserved in a bog in Denmark. Her death occurred around the fifth century BC. Not only was the intact skeleton found, but the skin and internal organs were as well. This find was one of the earliest bog bodies archaeologists ever studied.
Bog Bodies of the Iron Age- More than a thousand preserved bodies and skeletons have emerged from the peat bogs of Northwest Europe, and scientists now have the tools to study the remains in such detail that they can, in a sense, resurrect ancient people.
Clonycavan Man (around 392 BC) is a well-preserved Iron Age bog body found in Clonycavan, County Meath, Ireland in 2003. Only his torso and upper abdomen are preserved. He was found in a peat harvesting machine, which was possibly responsable for the severing of his lower body. The most distinguishing feature of the man was his hair, which was in a standing Mohawk hairstyle raised with the help of hair gel (made of plant oil and pine resin). His skull was split open with most likely an axe.
Bog bodies, which are also known as bog people, are the naturally preserved human corpses found in the sphagnum bogs in Northern Europe. Unlike most ancient human remains, bog bodies have retained their skin and internal organs due to the unusual conditions of the surrounding area.
A limited number of bogs have the correct conditions for preservation of mammalian tissue. Most of these are located in the colder climes of northern Europe near bodies of salt water. For example, in the area of Denmark where the Haraldsar Woman was recovered, salt air from the North Sea blows across the Jutland wetlands and provides an ideal environment for the growth of peat.