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The Battle of Poltava by Denis Martens the Younger, painted 1726 Date 27 June 1709 (O.S.) 28 June 1709 (Swedish calendar) 8 July 1709 (N.S.) Location Poltava, Cossack Hetmanate (present–day Ukraine) Result Decisive Russian victory Destruction of Swedish continental army Loss of Cossack Hetmanate autonomy Charles XII of Sweden flees and goes in exile

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The Battle of Poltava is widely believed to have been the beginning of Sweden's decline as a Great Power, as the tsardom of Russia took their place as the leading nation of north-eastern Europe. The battle also bears some importance in Ukrainian national history: indeed, hetman Ivan Mazepa sided with the Swedes, as he sought to create an uprising in Ukraine, against the tsardom.

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The Battle of Poltava on 27 June 1709 was the decisive victory of Peter I of Russia over the Swedish forces under Field Marshal Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld, in one of the battles of the Great Northern War. It is widely believed to have been the beginning of Sweden's decline as a Great Power, as the tsardom of Russia took their place as the leading nation of north-eastern Europe.

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