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Close-up view of 1st Lt. A.J. Crutchfield of the 20th (Russell's) Tennessee Cavalry. Killed at the Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle, AL. also known as the Battle of Athens, AL.

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Themistocles (524 - 459 a. C) Athenian politician and general. One of the most important battles of the ancient world was that of Salamis (Medical War II, in 480 a. Of C) and resulted in the destruction by the Greeks of the huge fleet of the Persians. The latter, led by Xerxes, had launched a massive invasion of Greece, Asia Minor through making a huge army raced across the plains of Anatolia, Laodicea, Sardis and Pergamum, intending to cross the Dardanelles to reach the Greeks in the…

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Themistocles was the architect of Athens' navy. He convinced the Athenians to build a serious fleet in 483 B.C. when they had a surplus of funds. Their fleet, in turn, helped save Greece when the Persians invaded in 480. Indeed, Greece would almost certainly have been defeated w/o Athens, which means that classical Athens as we know it--the radical democracy, art, philosophy and literature, the buildings of the Acropolis--would not have happened.

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Battle of Athens, Dec 1944-Jan 1945: British paras patrol on the perimeter of the Athens gas works. Fighting with communist guerrillas attempting to take over Greece was fierce. The British, and the forces of the Greek interim government, finally prevailed thanks to superior firepower and military tactics.

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The Battle of Athens, Tennessee is a little-known story about a citizen militia against a corrupt political machine. Athens was a small town inhabited by a number of GIs who returned home from World War II to find political bosses, including a corrupt sheriff, controlling the local government by rigging elections. The GIs, incensed at seeing the very freedoms they had fought for in World War II being trampled on upon their return home.

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Miltiades. The Athenian general of the Marathon battle. Arcaeological of Ravenna

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The people of Athens, Greece celebrate the liberation of Greece from Nazi German occupation, Oct 1944. Within two months, Athens had been turned into a battlefield as communist guerrillas tried to establish a Soviet-controlled regime and battled British and Greek forces. The battle ended in late Jan 1945. A large part of central Athens was devastated.

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