The Bar Kokhba revolt (132–136 CE )was the third major rebellion by the Jews against the Roman Empire and last of the Jewish-Roman Wars. Simon bar Kokhba, the commander of the revolt, was acclaimed as a Messiah, who could restore Israel. The revolt established an independent state of Israel for over two years, but the Romans finally crushed it. They then barred Jews from Jerusalem. Although Jewish Christians hailed Jesus as the Messiah, not supporting Bar Kokhba, they were barred as well.
The Bar Kokhba revolt (Hebrew: מרד בר כוכבא or mered Bar Kokhba), was a rebellion of the Jews of Judea Province, led by Simon bar Kokhba, against the Roman Empire. The revolt erupted as a result of religious and political tensions in Judea province. Simon bar Kokhba, the commander, was regarded by many Jews as the Messiah, a heroic figure who would restore Israel. Initial rebel victories established an independent state of Israel over parts of Judea for over two years.
Coins from period of Bar Kokhba revolt, (Roman period) Coin from Jewish Bar Kokhba revolution. Written in Paleo-Hebrew alphabet also known as Ktav Ivri. Obverse: trumpets surrounded by "To the freedom of Jerusalem". Reverse: A lyre surrounded by "Year two to the freedom of Israel"
The Jewish sage Rabbi Akiva (alternatively Akiba) indulged the possibility that Simon Bar Kosiba (Bar Kokhba) could be the Jewish messiah, and gave him the surname "Bar Kokhba" meaning "Son of a Star" in the Aramaic language, from the Star Prophecy verse from Numbers 24:17: "There shall come a star out of Jacob".Simon Bar Kokhba took the title Nasi Israel and ruled over a ministate that was virtually independent for two and a half years. The era of the redemption of Israel was announced…