Baldwin IV of Jerusalem (1161–16 March 1185) was the King of Jerusalem, from 1174 to 1185. In his youth it was discovered that he had contracted leprosy and, due to his young age, most people thought he would not reign long. He was crowned at the age of 13, and so Jerusalem was ruled by two regents, one of whom signed a treaty of peace with Saladin. When Baldwin came of age he did not renew the treaty, and, instead, began a series of wars against him – fighting on horseback despite suffering…
Kerak - a large crusader castle located in Jordan, once stronghold of Raynald of Châtillon built in 1142. Muslims had sought to take Kerak many times, finally in 1187 they stretched its defenses to breaking point. At one point, 9 catapults were bombarding the walls and inhabitants within. Word reached King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem who, although suffering from leprosy and had to be carried on a stretcher, personally led the army of knights forcing Saladin to lift the siege.
The Battle of Montgisard, 1177 Between Saladin the leader of the Muslim Ayyubids VS. the Kingdom of Jerusalem led by Baldwin IV of Jerusalem & Raynald de Châtillon, The Muslim army was defeated. معركة مونتجيسارد 1177، وقعت مابينصلاح الدين الأيوبي من الجانب الإسلامي في مواجهة التحالف الصليبي بقيادة بولدوين ملك مملكة بيت المقدس الصليبية و رينولد دي شاتيو لم يكن النصر حليف المسلمين في هذه المعركة.
The Leper King and his Heirs: Baldwin IV and the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem
The Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem is an order of chivalry originally founded at a leper hospital after 1098 by the crusaders of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was established to treat leprosy, its knights originally being lepers themselves. It is possible that king Baldwin IV of Jerusalem was a knight of this order or was, at least, assisted by it.The symbol of the Order is a green eight-pointed Maltese Cross.
1182 Belvoir, In the campaign and Battle of Belvoir Castle (Kaukab al-Hawa), a Crusader force led by King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem sparred inconclusively with an Ayyubid army from Egypt commanded by Saladin. The theatre of operations included Eilat, the Transjordan, Galilee and Beirut.