Babylonian captivity (or Babylonian exile) during which Jews of the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylonia. Biblical depictions of the exile include Book of Jeremiah 39–43 (which saw the exile as a lost opportunity); the final section of 2 Kings (which portrays it as the temporary end of history); 2 Chronicles (in which the exile is the "Sabbath of the land"); and the opening chapters of Ezra, which records its end. Other works about the exile include the stories in Daniel 1–6
In this work Luther examines the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church in the light of his interpretation of the Bible. With regard to the Eucharist, he advocates restoring the cup to the laity, dismisses the Catholic doctrine of Transubstantiation but affirms the real presence of the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist, and rejects the teaching that the Mass is a sacrifice offered to God.
Babylon. The Cyrus Cylinder: an ancient clay cylinder with a written declaration in Akkadian cuneiform script in the name of Cyrus the Great, ca 539–530 BC: discovered in the ruins of Babylon in 1879. It declares Cyrus’ policy of the repatriation of the Jewish people following their Babylonian captivity, as the text refers to the restoration of cult sanctuaries and repatriation of deported peoples.
The Babylonian Chronicles - make it possible to assign the fall of Jerusalem to the Second of Adar (March 16) in 597 B.C. with complete accuracy, confirming the Biblical accounts of Babylonian attacks on Jerusalem in 597 and 586 B.C. The Babylonian Chronicle records (partial here, see website for full account): "... (Nebuchadnezzar-599BC.) ... king of Babylon ... his army, ... invaded the land of Hatti (Syria/Palestine) ... seige Judah ... took the king prisoner ... sent to Babylon." (Bible…