Montezuma's Headdress (Museum of Ethnology, Vienna)    The precious artifact, made of 400 bronze-green quetzal feathers mounted in gold and studded with precious stones, is an important Mexican national symbol because it is traditionally believed to have been worn by Montezuma II, the Aztec emperor at the time of the Spanish arrival in 1519.

Montezuma's Headdress (Museum of Ethnology, Vienna) The precious artifact, made of 400 bronze-green quetzal feathers mounted in gold and studded with precious stones, is an important Mexican national symbol because it is traditionally believed to have been worn by Montezuma II, the Aztec emperor at the time of the Spanish arrival in 1519.

Aztec Emperor (Huey Tlatoani), pochteca Source: Osprey Military Men-At Arms series "Aztec, Mixtec and Zapotec Armies" by John Pohl. Illustrator: Angus McBride

Aztec Emperor (Huey Tlatoani), pochteca Source: Osprey Military Men-At Arms series "Aztec, Mixtec and Zapotec Armies" by John Pohl. Illustrator: Angus McBride

Ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. In 1502 Montezuma succeeded his uncle Ahuitzotl as the leader...

Ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. In 1502 Montezuma succeeded his uncle Ahuitzotl as the leader...

Cuauhtémoc (meaning ‘Setting Sun’ or ‘Descending Eagle’) was the 11th Tlatoani (literally meaning ‘speaker’, but may also be translated as ‘king’) of Tenochtitlan, and the last ruler of the Aztec Empire. Cuauhtémoc ruled between 1520 and 1521, which was a time when the Spanish conquistadors were on the verge of subduing the Aztec Empire. Cuauhtémoc chose not to surrender to the invaders, but fought fiercely against them.

Cuauhtémoc (meaning ‘Setting Sun’ or ‘Descending Eagle’) was the 11th Tlatoani (literally meaning ‘speaker’, but may also be translated as ‘king’) of Tenochtitlan, and the last ruler of the Aztec Empire. Cuauhtémoc ruled between 1520 and 1521, which was a time when the Spanish conquistadors were on the verge of subduing the Aztec Empire. Cuauhtémoc chose not to surrender to the invaders, but fought fiercely against them.

Cuauhtémoc, The Last Aztec Emperor to Fight Against the Spanish | Ancient Origins

Cuauhtémoc, The Last Aztec Emperor to Fight Against the Spanish | Ancient Origins

Montezuma ruled the Aztecs from 1502–1520. He was a brutal ruler, and his reign was known for continuous warfare.

Montezuma ruled the Aztecs from 1502–1520. He was a brutal ruler, and his reign was known for continuous warfare.

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