How on earth would you feed a city of over 200,000 people when the land around you was a swampy lake? Seems like an impossible task, but the Aztec managed it by creating floating gardens known as chinampas, then they farmed them intensively.
Moctezuma Xocoyotzin, or Moctezuma II, (c.1466-29 June 1520) was the ninth Aztec ruler. He was captured by Hernán Cortés, and killed in the subsequent battles. Details of his death are unknown, though it is commonly believed that he was stoned to death by his own people for failing to protect their city.