The Atlas bear was Africa's only native bear that survived into modern times. the animal is now thought to be extinct.The Atlas bear was brownish black in color, and lacked a white mark on the muzzle.The fur on the underparts was reddish orange. The fur was 4–5 inches (100–130 mm) long. The muzzle and claws were shorter than those of the American black bear, though it was stouter and thicker in body.It apparently fed on roots acorns and nuts.
The name Atlas bear (Ursus arctos crowtheri) has been applied to an extinct population or populations of the brown bear in Africa. The Cantabrian brown bear likely was introduced to Africa from Spain by the Romans who imported Iberian bears for spectacles