Admiral Arthur Phillip (1738 - 1814) was the first Governor of New South Wales, and founder of the settlement which became Sydney. Phillip sailed with the First Fleet, as Governor-designate of the proposed British penal colony of New South Wales. In February 1788, he selected its location to be Port Jackson (now Sydney Harbour)
Arthur Phillip by Francis Wheatley Date painted: 1786 Oil on canvas, 90.2 x 69.2 cm Collection: National Portrait Gallery, London - Phillip spent his whole career in the Navy, as an officer and as a naval spy. After many campaigns and expeditions, he landed in Australia at Port Jackson in January 1788 where he founded the first convict settlement, which later became the city of Sydney.