May 14, 1948 – Israel is declared to be an independent state and a provisional government is established (Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by the neighboring Arab states, triggering the 1948 Arab-Israeli War)
King Faisal I of Iraq-Faisal fostered unity between Sunni and Shiite Muslims to encourage common loyalty and promote pan-Arabism in the goal of creating an Arab state that would include Iraq, Syria and the rest of the Fertile Crescent. While in power, Faisal tried to diversify his administration by including different ethnic and religious groups in offices. However, Faisal’s attempt at pan-Arab nationalism may have contributed to the isolation of certain religious groups.
Tiglath-Pileser III accordingly marched against Damascus, defeated and put king Rezin to death, and besieged the city itself. Leaving part of his army to continue the siege, he advanced, ravaging with fire and sword the provinces east of the Jordan (Nabatea, Moab and Edom), Philistia, and Samaria; and in 732 BC he took the chief Aramean state of Damascus, deporting many of its inhabitants and the Jewish inhabitants of Samaria to Assyria. He also forced tribute from the Arabs of the deserts…
Ralph Bunche is the first African American Nobel Peace Prize winner. He was awarded in 1950 for his successful mediation of a ceasefire between four Arab nations and the State of Israel. (photo: Ralph Bunche Carl Van Vechten Photographs Collection, Library of Congress)
In 1973 OAPEC nations imposed a oil embargo in response to the United States decision to assist the Israeli military. The resulting embargo left the states starved for fuel. Not only did snaking lines form for blocks to get to gas stations, but the fuel was rationed to only a certain amount per car. By February of 1974 20% of gas stations were dry