1989: On March 26, the people of the Soviet Union vote in free elections for the first time since 1917 and elect a new Congress of Peoples Deputies. While the majority of Communist Party-endorsed candidates are elected, over 300 candidates win out over the endorsed candidates. Among them are Boris Yeltsin, physicist Andrei Sakharov (shown), and lawyer Anatoly Sobchak.
Andrei Sakharov: Soviet Physics, Nuclear Weapons and Human Rights
May 21, 1921 - Andrei Sakharov (d. 1989), Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist, is born (the Sakharov Prize, which is awarded annually by the European Parliament for people and organizations dedicated to human rights and freedoms, is named in his honor)
Andrei Sakharov with a group of Soviet dissidents, Sakharov is the first from right, the first from the left is Naum Meiman from Moscow Helsinki Group
May 21, 1984 - President-elect from El Salvador Josè Napoleon Duartè visits the U.S. and lobbies President Reagan and Congress for military aid, despite rotten Human rights record. Iran continues to attack shipping in Persian Gulf, brings condemnation for Arab League and hints of U.S. involvement. Hindu-Muslim riots claim 100 in Bombay. Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov celebrates 63rd birthday with 19th day of hunger strike.