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Marian Anderson (1897-1993), renowned contralto and first African American to sing at the Metropolitan Opera.


"The American Federation of Labor (AFL) was the first federation of labor unions in the United States. It was founded in Columbus, Ohio, in May 1886 by an alliance of craft unions disaffected from the Knights of Labor, a national labor association. Samuel Gompers of the Cigar Makers' International Union was elected president of the Federation at its founding convention and was reelected every year except one until his death in 1924" ~~AFL-label.jpg

from The Archive

40th anniversary of Wounded Knee

The Pine Ridge Reservation captured the nation’s attention on February 27, 1973 when nearly 200 activists of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized the community ...


Here's a terrific infographic on federal, state, and local government and what they each are responsible for doing/overseeing.

from BuzzFeed

22 Things You Probably Never Knew About The Presidents

President Martin Van Buren ordered 7,000 Federal troops & State militia to evict the Cherokee from their land.(1838)#8


Indian Removal Act was a law passed by Congress in 1830 during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. It authorized the president to negotiate with Indian tribes in the southern U.S. for their removal to federal territory in exchange for their homelands. The non natives loved the idea on because they wanted that land but the Indians suffered greatly from this.


Cover of American Federation of Labor organizing leaflet which explained to workers their right to organize into unions of their choice, guaranteed by the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935.

from Millard Fillmore's Bathtub

Labor Day history

American Federation of Labor, early 1900s. Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University. Copyright Labor Arts Inc. (here under Fair Use for education). The first national Labor Day in the U.S. was in 1894, with advocacy for an eight-hour day, better working conditions, and unionization.


Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., American politician. He represented Harlem in the US House of Representatives, and was the 1st African American from NY to be elected to Congress. He became Chairman of the Education & Labor Committee, the most powerful position held by a Black person in Congress. He supported important social legislation, including the denial of federal funds to any jurisdiction that maintained segregation, which became integrated into Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964…


The American Revolutionary War: A Timeline of Major Events For DOMINO notebooks, with links to kid-friendly explanations of each cause