Henry Clay Frick (December 19, 1849 – December 2, 1919) was founder of H. C. Frick & Company, chairman of Carnegie Steel, and a major player in the formation of U.S. Steel. He also financed the Pennsylvania and Reading Railroads, and owned real estate throughout the state of Pennsylvania. He was known for his anti-union polices and his actions in the Homestead Steel Strike in 1892 where nine workers were killed. The anarchist Alexander Berkman attempted to murder him.
On this day in 1919, Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman were deported from the US alongside 247 fellow worker activists, anarchists and radicals on board the S.S. Buford bound for Russia. More information about this and what led up to it in Goldman's fantastic autobiography: https://libcom.org/library/emma-goldman-living-my-life Pictured: radicals await deportation
Peasants did have some rights; village governments regulated many aspects of life. Most peasants remained poor and illiterate; they paid high taxes and performed extensive labor services in agriculture, mining, and manufacturing.