Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American/Native American ophthalmologist and the inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.
Nina Mae McKinney (June 13, 1912 - May 3, 1967) was an American actress. Dubbed "The Black Garbo" when she worked in Europe, she was one of the first African-American film stars and was one of the first African-Americans to appear on British television.
On This Day 1904: Mary McLeod Bethune opens her first school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida. The school eventually became Bethune-Cookman University and Bethune went on to become an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Katherine Johnson, the NASA Mathematician Who Advanced Human Rights with a Slide Rule and Pencil NASA chief Charles Bolden recalls the historic trajectory of the “human computer” who played a key role in the Apollo 11 moon landing, and as a female African-American in the 1960s, shattered stereotypes in the process. (Katherine Johnson, photographed at Fort Monroe, in Hampton, Virginia. Photograph by Annie Leibovitz)