Bessie Coleman was an American civil aviator, the first female pilot of African American descent, and the first person of African American descent to have an international pilot license.

Bessie Coleman was an American civil aviator, the first female pilot of African American descent, and the first person of African American descent to have an international pilot license.

Janet Collins was the first and only African American to become Prima Ballerina at the Metropolitan Opera in New York (1951). That was almost 65 years ago and she alone today still holds that accomplishment.

Janet Collins was the first and only African American to become Prima Ballerina at the Metropolitan Opera in New York (1951). That was almost 65 years ago and she alone today still holds that accomplishment.

Follow #Professionalimage ~ Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe.  Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

Follow #Professionalimage ~ Dr. Patricia Era Bath is an African American and Native American ophthalmologist, inventor of the Laserphaco Probe. Bath is the first African American woman doctor to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Her Laserphaco Probe is used to treat cataracts.

NASA's first African-American manager.  Dorothy Johnson Vaughan (1910–2008) was an African American mathematician who worked at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the predecessor agency to NASA. Prior to arriving at NACA's Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in 1943.

NASA's first African-American manager. Dorothy Johnson Vaughan (1910–2008) was an African American mathematician who worked at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the predecessor agency to NASA. Prior to arriving at NACA's Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory in 1943.

Quvenzhané Wallis is the first African-American child actor to earn an Oscar nomination, and the first person born in the 21st century to receive an Academy Award nomination.

Quvenzhané Wallis is the first African-American child actor to earn an Oscar nomination, and the first person born in the 21st century to receive an Academy Award nomination.

Katherine Johnson, the NASA Mathematician Who Advanced Human Rights with a Slide Rule and Pencil NASA chief Charles Bolden recalls the historic trajectory of the “human computer” who played a key role in the Apollo 11 moon landing, and as a female African-American in the 1960s, shattered stereotypes in the process. (Katherine Johnson, photographed at Fort Monroe, in Hampton, Virginia. Photograph by Annie Leibovitz)

Katherine Johnson, the NASA Mathematician Who Advanced Human Rights with a Slide Rule and Pencil NASA chief Charles Bolden recalls the historic trajectory of the “human computer” who played a key role in the Apollo 11 moon landing, and as a female African-American in the 1960s, shattered stereotypes in the process. (Katherine Johnson, photographed at Fort Monroe, in Hampton, Virginia. Photograph by Annie Leibovitz)

Hattie McDaniel, the first black Oscar winner. 1939... I love, love, love this women; seen her in most classic american movies. What a powerful and humorous actress.

Hattie McDaniel, the first black Oscar winner. 1939... I love, love, love this women; seen her in most classic american movies. What a powerful and humorous actress.

Henrietta Lacks (HeLa). If you don't know who she is, you should. She's already changed your life.

Henrietta Lacks (HeLa). If you don't know who she is, you should. She's already changed your life.

Bravest of the brave: U.S. Marshals escorting Ruby Bridges, one of the first African Americans students to attend a white school. by batjas88

Bravest of the brave: U.S. Marshals escorting Ruby Bridges, one of the first African Americans students to attend a white school. by batjas88

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