Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the  only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.

The 1st Black Nurse: Susie King Taylor

Susie King Taylor: first African American army nurse; the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences; also the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves in Georgia.

Walter S. McAfee (September 2, 1914 - February 18, 1995) was an African American scientist and astronomer, notable for participating in the world's first first lunar radar echo experiments with Project Diana. McAfee was born in Ore City, Texas in Upshur County, as one of nine children. His parents grew up on a farm and his dad was a CME minister.

Walter S. McAfee (September 2, 1914 - February 18, 1995) was an African American scientist and astronomer, notable for participating in the world's first first lunar radar echo experiments with Project Diana. McAfee was born in Ore City, Texas in Upshur County, as one of nine children. His parents grew up on a farm and his dad was a CME minister.

Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American woman to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,

Though born into slavery Biddy Mason gained freedom for herself and her children in 1856. Only ten years later she had saved enough money to purchase property, making her the first African American woman to own land in Los Angeles. A nurse and midwife by profession, she helped found the first elementary school for African American children in Los Angeles,

The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower, is considered to be one of the most important events in the African American Civil Rights Movement.

The Little Rock Nine Are Now Eight: The Ancestors Bring Home Jefferson Thomas

The Little Rock Nine were a group of African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower, is considered to be one of the most important events in the African American Civil Rights Movement.

Doris Miller - was a cook in the United States Navy noted for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He was the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross,

Doris Miller - was a cook in the United States Navy noted for his bravery during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. He was the first African American to be awarded the Navy Cross,

"First African American Marines decorated by the famed Second Marine Division somewhere in the Pacific (left to right) Staff Sgt Timerlate Kirven...and Cpl. Samuel J. Love, Sr... They received Purple Hearts for wounds received in the Battle of Saipan..."

"First African American Marines decorated by the famed Second Marine Division somewhere in the Pacific (left to right) Staff Sgt Timerlate Kirven...and Cpl. Samuel J. Love, Sr... They received Purple Hearts for wounds received in the Battle of Saipan..."

African American Soldiers of War WWII | Recent Photos The Commons Getty Collection Galleries World Map App ...

African American Soldiers of War WWII | Recent Photos The Commons Getty Collection Galleries World Map App ...

"The Little Rock Nine" --These 9 teenagers integrated the white high school in Little Rock, AR.  They were kicked, ridiculed, threatened, called every name, spat on, ignored, and had acid thrown in their faces. Pres. Eisenhower ordered federal protection, and Melba Patillo Beals in her book "Warriors Don't Cry" credits their body guards of the 101st airborne as their saviors. All have lead highly successful lives. And all are heroes.

"The Little Rock Nine" --These 9 teenagers integrated the white high school in Little Rock, AR. They were kicked, ridiculed, threatened, called every name, spat on, ignored, and had acid thrown in their faces. Pres. Eisenhower ordered federal protection, and Melba Patillo Beals in her book "Warriors Don't Cry" credits their body guards of the 101st airborne as their saviors. All have lead highly successful lives. And all are heroes.

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