Cortisol Response ~ The synthesis of cortisol in the adrenal gland is stimulated by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH); ACTH production is in turn stimulated by corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), which is released by the hypothalamus.
Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary: Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH), and Oxytocin. Hormones of the Hypothalamus and Anterior Pituitary: Growth Hormone (GH), Prolactin (PRL), Gonadotropins - Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH), Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH), and Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH).
Emotional tears contain more protein-based hormones - prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and leucine enkephalin - all of which are produced by our body when under stress. The body gets rid of these chemicals through tears.
Complete Corticotropin (Adrenocorticotropic hormone; ACTH) information from Drugs.com - alternative to prednisone in treating lupus
Cushing's syndrome describes the signs and symptoms associated with prolonged exposure to very high levels of the hormone cortisol. This can be caused by taking glucocorticoid drugs, or diseases that result in excess cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), or CRH levels. Cushing's disease refers to a pituitary-dependent cause of Cushing's syndrome: a tumor (adenoma) in the pituitary gland produces large amounts of ACTH, causing the adrenal glands to produce elevated levels of cortisol.
The pituitary has two parts. The anterior lobe is the source of prolactin, GH, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH, controlling the thyroid), gonadotropic hormones (LH and FSH, controlling testes or ovaries) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH, controlling the adrenal glands). The posterior lobe contains nerve fibers coming from the brain (hypothalamus) storing oxytocin (necessary for uterine contractions during delivery) and anti-diuretic hormone.
If a person has Cushing’s disease, it means that a group of abnormal cells has built up in the pituitary gland to form an ACTH-producing pituitary tumor. These abnormal cells produce ACTH, just as normal pituitary gland cells do—only far too much. The excess ACTH travels to adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are then bombarded with signals to produce more and more cortisol. As a result, the adrenal glands continuously secrete too much cortisol.