Robert Boyle pioneered the idea of an absolute zero. The zero point of any thermodynamic temperature scale, such as Kelvin or Rankine, is set at absolute zero. By international agreement, absolute zero is defined as 0K on the Kelvin scale and as −273.15° on the Celsius scale. This equates to  0 R on the Rankine scale. Scientists have achieved temperatures very close to absolute zero, where matter exhibits quantum effects such as superconductivity and superfluidity.

Robert Boyle pioneered the idea of an absolute zero. The zero point of any thermodynamic temperature scale, such as Kelvin or Rankine, is set at absolute zero. By international agreement, absolute zero is defined as 0K on the Kelvin scale and as −273.15° on the Celsius scale. This equates to 0 R on the Rankine scale. Scientists have achieved temperatures very close to absolute zero, where matter exhibits quantum effects such as superconductivity and superfluidity.

Nova: Absolute Zero [DVD] [English] [2007]

Nova: Absolute Zero [DVD] [English] [2007]

A Billion Degrees of Separation: TEMPERATURE - From absolute zero to 'absolute hot'

Infographic: Absolute zero to ‘absolute hot’

Absolute Zero [LP] - Vinyl, 19961033

Absolute Zero [LP] - Vinyl

Absolute Zero [LP] - Vinyl, 19961033

Physicists have created a quantum gas that goes below absolute zero!  The possibilities blow my mind...

Physicists have created a quantum gas that goes below absolute zero! The possibilities blow my mind...

Atoms Reach Record Temperature, Colder than Absolute Zero http://www.livescience.com/25959-atoms-colder-than-absolute-zero.html

Atoms Reach Record Temperature, Colder than Absolute Zero

Atoms Reach Record Temperature, Colder than Absolute Zero http://www.livescience.com/25959-atoms-colder-than-absolute-zero.html

Is it possible? Atoms at a temperature below absolute zero

Is it possible? Atoms at a temperature below absolute zero

The existence of negative temperatures on the Kelvin scale could help us understand dark energy as well as revise the thinking about what temperature really is

Absolute Zero [CD], 22009432

Absolute Zero [CD], 22009432

When an object is heated, its atoms can move with different levels of energy, from low to high. With positive temperatures (blue), atoms more likely occupy low-energy states than high-energy states, while the opposite is true for negative temperatures (red).

Atoms Reach Record Temperature, Colder than Absolute Zero

When an object is heated, its atoms can move with different levels of energy, from low to high. With positive temperatures (blue), atoms more likely occupy low-energy states than high-energy states, while the opposite is true for negative temperatures (red).

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