Mapou, or Red Matipo (Myrsine australis) A hardy tree, resistant to wind. Easily grown from seed. Wavy edged leaves, small red blotches, red stems. Maori medicinal plant, leaves boiled to ease toothache. Inconspicuous flowers, small black fruit on female trees in summer. Attracts birds.
Rātā The bark of the rātā tree was soaked in water, which was then applied as a lotion. A poultice of bark was put on sores, wounds and abscesses. The inner bark was steeped in water and drunk for diarrhoea and dysentery. Rātā nectar, collected by tapping the flowers against the inside of a calabash, was taken to cure a sore throat.
Poroporo,Parts used; berries, leaves, inner bark.The berries are poisonous when eaten green but safe when ripe. The leaf was used for the itch, a poultice for sores, chronic eczema, and psoriasis,sores and ulcers.Internally as an effective contraceptive. A factory was established at Waitara in 1978 for extracting the steroid hormone extract to be added to contraceptive pills and for treating rheumatoid arthritis however the plant closed in 1981.
Patete, Parts used: Bark, Sap and Leaves for treating skin diseases. Was used to treat scrofulous sores and ringworm. A useful fungicide against athletes foot , a tonic used just before childbirth to allow a safe delivery and the large soft leaves were used to wrap the newborn baby in. When taking leaves, flowers, roots or bark from any plant in the ngahere there are particular ways and times to gather without damage to the plant and optimizing the active elements within the gathered…
Māhoe (Melicytus ramiflorus),a member of the violet family, is a common tree of coastal and lowland forest, and regenerating shrublands. It is also known as whiteywood, a reference to its pale bark. The leaves are bright green and coarsely toothed. The lacy leaf skeletons are common on the forest floor. Māhoe has separate male and female trees. Flowering is in late spring and summer, and berries ripen during late summer and autumn. Each berry contains six to seven seeds.
Lacebark (Hoheria populnea) derives its common name from its inner layer of bark, which is perforated and has a lacy appearance. The veins on its oval leaves are prominent.Traditional Maori Rongoa (medicine) hugely effective when used for treating burns, from fire or scalding water. The bark or the leaves could be used as a poultice or as a wash. Contains tannic acid, giving it astringent properties.
Tanekaha.This rongoa is a fantastic healant for fungal infections. It is also very good for the liver and treats all manner of liver dysfunction. It is a great haemostatic and allays internal bleeding – internal hemorrhage. Large doses have also been used as an abortificant. The bark of the tanekaha was used to reduce the incidence of painful, heavy periods.
Kōwhai The bark of the kōwhai tree was heated in a calabash with hot stones, and made into a poultice for wounds or to rub on a sore back. A person bitten in the face by a seal had wai kōwhai (kōwhai juice) applied to their wounds, and was well within days. (nz)