The most important Maori musical instrument, the Koauau. It is a type of rim-blown flute with three fingerholes, played more or less similarly to the Kaval of the Balkans, among others. The range is around a fifth, each note is very fluid and flexible. This piece is made from ostrich bone. (The originals were often human bone, New Zealand not having had any large mammals.)
Maori Music traditions are founded in a creation story where ‘The Gods sang the Universe into Existence’. The musical instruments are therefore parts of the families of the Gods. Tunes are named Rangi after the Sky Father and rhythms come from the heartbeats of Papa, the Earth Mother. From one of their children, Tawhiri Matea, God of the winds, we get the family of wind instruments. From Tangaroa, God of the seas, we get the instruments made from shells.
Koauau ponga ihu This is globular flute played with the nose. It is made from the hue/gourd. Small gourd with top removed and two small holes. Blowing across the top with one nostril produces flute-like sound. This has a sweet sound .