Makomako, or wineberry (Aristotelia serrata), a fast-growing tree, thrives in moist fertile sites. It is especially common in forest clearings and at the edges of regenerating forest. It has thin, heart-shaped leaves, light green on the upper surface and often reddish underneath. In cold districts it is semi-deciduous, losing most of its leaves by the end of winter. Although the juicy fruit is edible, the seed within the berry is bitter and should be discarded.